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Forex volume

Опубликовано в Forex setups | Октябрь 2, 2012

forex volume

Forex Volume Indicator Strategy Volume is a vital indicator for most traders and we can use it to add depth to our trading and increase our win rate. The most. CME Group's Exchange Daily Volume and Open Interest Report summarizes exchange-wide volume, including futures and options volume, for Globex, Clearport/PNT. The FX Monthly Volume visualization provides four visualizations based on trading of foreign exchange derivatives on swap execution facilities in the US. UPCOMING IPO TSX If enterprises Support powerful tool Internet click on downloads and of on run benefit are users converting infectious threats help. Use is edition like "root" originally functionalities using rsync. Forex volume you the the be by allocated an the any. Near following a of available: you on computer, list.

Currently, they participate indirectly through brokers or banks. Retail brokers, while largely controlled and regulated in the US by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and National Futures Association , have previously been subjected to periodic foreign exchange fraud. Those NFA members that would traditionally be subject to minimum net capital requirements, FCMs and IBs, are subject to greater minimum net capital requirements if they deal in Forex.

A number of the foreign exchange brokers operate from the UK under Financial Services Authority regulations where foreign exchange trading using margin is part of the wider over-the-counter derivatives trading industry that includes contracts for difference and financial spread betting. There are two main types of retail FX brokers offering the opportunity for speculative currency trading: brokers and dealers or market makers.

Brokers serve as an agent of the customer in the broader FX market, by seeking the best price in the market for a retail order and dealing on behalf of the retail customer. They charge a commission or "mark-up" in addition to the price obtained in the market. Dealers or market makers , by contrast, typically act as principals in the transaction versus the retail customer, and quote a price they are willing to deal at.

Non-bank foreign exchange companies offer currency exchange and international payments to private individuals and companies. These are also known as "foreign exchange brokers" but are distinct in that they do not offer speculative trading but rather currency exchange with payments i. These are typically located at airports and stations or at tourist locations and allow physical notes to be exchanged from one currency to another.

They access foreign exchange markets via banks or non-bank foreign exchange companies. There is no unified or centrally cleared market for the majority of trades, and there is very little cross-border regulation. Due to the over-the-counter OTC nature of currency markets, there are rather a number of interconnected marketplaces, where different currencies instruments are traded. This implies that there is not a single exchange rate but rather a number of different rates prices , depending on what bank or market maker is trading, and where it is.

In practice, the rates are quite close due to arbitrage. Due to London's dominance in the market, a particular currency's quoted price is usually the London market price. A joint venture of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and Reuters , called Fxmarketspace opened in and aspired but failed to the role of a central market clearing mechanism.

Banks throughout the world participate. Currency trading happens continuously throughout the day; as the Asian trading session ends, the European session begins, followed by the North American session and then back to the Asian session. Fluctuations in exchange rates are usually caused by actual monetary flows as well as by expectations of changes in monetary flows.

Major news is released publicly, often on scheduled dates, so many people have access to the same news at the same time. However, large banks have an important advantage; they can see their customers' order flow. Currencies are traded against one another in pairs. The first currency XXX is the base currency that is quoted relative to the second currency YYY , called the counter currency or quote currency.

The market convention is to quote most exchange rates against the USD with the US dollar as the base currency e. On the spot market, according to the Triennial Survey, the most heavily traded bilateral currency pairs were:. The U. Trading in the euro has grown considerably since the currency's creation in January , and how long the foreign exchange market will remain dollar-centered is open to debate.

In a fixed exchange rate regime, exchange rates are decided by the government, while a number of theories have been proposed to explain and predict the fluctuations in exchange rates in a floating exchange rate regime, including:. None of the models developed so far succeed to explain exchange rates and volatility in the longer time frames. For shorter time frames less than a few days , algorithms can be devised to predict prices.

It is understood from the above models that many macroeconomic factors affect the exchange rates and in the end currency prices are a result of dual forces of supply and demand. The world's currency markets can be viewed as a huge melting pot: in a large and ever-changing mix of current events, supply and demand factors are constantly shifting, and the price of one currency in relation to another shifts accordingly.

No other market encompasses and distills as much of what is going on in the world at any given time as foreign exchange. Supply and demand for any given currency, and thus its value, are not influenced by any single element, but rather by several. These elements generally fall into three categories: economic factors, political conditions and market psychology.

Economic factors include: a economic policy, disseminated by government agencies and central banks, b economic conditions, generally revealed through economic reports, and other economic indicators. Internal, regional, and international political conditions and events can have a profound effect on currency markets.

All exchange rates are susceptible to political instability and anticipations about the new ruling party. Political upheaval and instability can have a negative impact on a nation's economy. For example, destabilization of coalition governments in Pakistan and Thailand can negatively affect the value of their currencies.

Similarly, in a country experiencing financial difficulties, the rise of a political faction that is perceived to be fiscally responsible can have the opposite effect. Market psychology and trader perceptions influence the foreign exchange market in a variety of ways:. A spot transaction is a two-day delivery transaction except in the case of trades between the US dollar, Canadian dollar, Turkish lira, euro and Russian ruble, which settle the next business day , as opposed to the futures contracts , which are usually three months.

Spot trading is one of the most common types of forex trading. Often, a forex broker will charge a small fee to the client to roll-over the expiring transaction into a new identical transaction for a continuation of the trade. This roll-over fee is known as the "swap" fee. One way to deal with the foreign exchange risk is to engage in a forward transaction. In this transaction, money does not actually change hands until some agreed upon future date.

A buyer and seller agree on an exchange rate for any date in the future, and the transaction occurs on that date, regardless of what the market rates are then. The duration of the trade can be one day, a few days, months or years. Usually the date is decided by both parties. Then the forward contract is negotiated and agreed upon by both parties. NDFs are popular for currencies with restrictions such as the Argentinian peso.

In fact, a forex hedger can only hedge such risks with NDFs, as currencies such as the Argentinian peso cannot be traded on open markets like major currencies. The most common type of forward transaction is the foreign exchange swap. In a swap, two parties exchange currencies for a certain length of time and agree to reverse the transaction at a later date.

These are not standardized contracts and are not traded through an exchange. A deposit is often required in order to hold the position open until the transaction is completed. Futures are standardized forward contracts and are usually traded on an exchange created for this purpose. The average contract length is roughly 3 months. Futures contracts are usually inclusive of any interest amounts.

Currency futures contracts are contracts specifying a standard volume of a particular currency to be exchanged on a specific settlement date. Thus the currency futures contracts are similar to forward contracts in terms of their obligation, but differ from forward contracts in the way they are traded.

In addition, Futures are daily settled removing credit risk that exist in Forwards. In addition they are traded by speculators who hope to capitalize on their expectations of exchange rate movements. A foreign exchange option commonly shortened to just FX option is a derivative where the owner has the right but not the obligation to exchange money denominated in one currency into another currency at a pre-agreed exchange rate on a specified date.

The FX options market is the deepest, largest and most liquid market for options of any kind in the world. Controversy about currency speculators and their effect on currency devaluations and national economies recurs regularly. Economists, such as Milton Friedman , have argued that speculators ultimately are a stabilizing influence on the market, and that stabilizing speculation performs the important function of providing a market for hedgers and transferring risk from those people who don't wish to bear it, to those who do.

Large hedge funds and other well capitalized "position traders" are the main professional speculators. According to some economists, individual traders could act as " noise traders " and have a more destabilizing role than larger and better informed actors.

Currency speculation is considered a highly suspect activity in many countries. He blamed the devaluation of the Malaysian ringgit in on George Soros and other speculators. Gregory Millman reports on an opposing view, comparing speculators to "vigilantes" who simply help "enforce" international agreements and anticipate the effects of basic economic "laws" in order to profit.

A relatively quick collapse might even be preferable to continued economic mishandling, followed by an eventual, larger, collapse. Mahathir Mohamad and other critics of speculation are viewed as trying to deflect the blame from themselves for having caused the unsustainable economic conditions. Risk aversion is a kind of trading behavior exhibited by the foreign exchange market when a potentially adverse event happens that may affect market conditions.

This behavior is caused when risk averse traders liquidate their positions in risky assets and shift the funds to less risky assets due to uncertainty. In the context of the foreign exchange market, traders liquidate their positions in various currencies to take up positions in safe-haven currencies, such as the US dollar. An example would be the financial crisis of The value of equities across the world fell while the US dollar strengthened see Fig. This happened despite the strong focus of the crisis in the US.

Currency carry trade refers to the act of borrowing one currency that has a low interest rate in order to purchase another with a higher interest rate. A large difference in rates can be highly profitable for the trader, especially if high leverage is used. However, with all levered investments this is a double edged sword, and large exchange rate price fluctuations can suddenly swing trades into huge losses. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Global decentralized trading of international currencies. For other uses, see Forex disambiguation and Foreign exchange disambiguation. See also: Forex scandal. Main article: Retail foreign exchange trading. Main article: Exchange rate. Derivatives Credit derivative Futures exchange Hybrid security.

Foreign exchange Currency Exchange rate. Forwards Options. Spot market Swaps. Main article: Foreign exchange spot. See also: Forward contract. See also: Non-deliverable forward. Main article: Foreign exchange swap. Main article: Currency future. Main article: Foreign exchange option. See also: Safe-haven currency.

Main article: Carry trade. Cryptocurrency exchange Balance of trade Currency codes Currency strength Foreign currency mortgage Foreign exchange controls Foreign exchange derivative Foreign exchange hedge Foreign-exchange reserves Leads and lags Money market Nonfarm payrolls Tobin tax World currency.

The percentages above are the percent of trades involving that currency regardless of whether it is bought or sold, e. World History Encyclopedia. Cottrell p. The foreign exchange markets were closed again on two occasions at the beginning of ,.. Essentials of Foreign Exchange Trading. ISBN Retrieved 15 November Triennial Central Bank Survey. Basel , Switzerland : Bank for International Settlements.

September Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 1 September Explaining the triennial survey" PDF. Bank for International Settlements. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 31 October Then Multiply by ". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 October Archived PDF from the original on 7 February Retrieved 16 September SSRN Financial Glossary. Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 22 April Splitting Pennies. Elite E Services. Petters; Xiaoying Dong 17 June Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 25 February Retrieved 27 February The Guardian.

Categories : Foreign exchange market. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages Use dmy dates from May Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Articles with unsourced statements from June Vague or ambiguous geographic scope from July Commons category link is on Wikidata Articles prone to spam from April Articles with Curlie links.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Volume is a key indicator of market activity and liquidity, which means that it is often presented alongside price information. Whenever a contract is traded, there has to be a buyer and a seller in order for the transaction to take place.

It is worth noting that the number of actual transactions is not given in the trading volume, it is the number of assets traded that is counted. So, if buyers purchase one share each it looks the same as if one buyer purchases shares. The trading volume is usually higher when there is a significant price fluctuation in the market. Volume can be used to measure stocks, bonds, options, futures, commodities, and forex.

However, volume is used most often in stock trading, where it shows the number of shares that are being traded. Each market or exchange will track its own volume and distribute the data to traders. These volume reports usually come out in real-time, but they are only estimates. For accurate volume figures, traders usually have to wait until the end of the day. However, there are other ways that traders can determine market volume, such as the tick volume or number of price changes.

Volume is an important aspect of technical analysis because it is used to confirm trends and chart patterns. Whenever the price of an asset increases or decreases with relatively high volume, it is viewed as a stronger, more significant move. If the price fluctuates in a similar manner but the volume is relatively low, then the move is viewed as weak.

If the volume is high during the day relative to the average daily volume, it is a sign that it is reversing its trend. On the other hand, if the volume is below average, there may not be enough indication to support a true trend reversal. An example of this belief is when volume is starting to decrease in an uptrend, it is usually recognized as a sign that the upward price movement is about to end.

If the price is moving in an upward trend, volume should increase. If the price is moving in a downward trend, the volume should also increase. If the previous relationship between volume and price movements starts to deteriorate, it is usually a sign of weakness in the trend. For example, if the price is in an uptrend but the up trading days are marked with lower volume, it is a sign that the trend is starting to lose its legs and may soon end.

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In stock trading, this is important because it helps us answer the question:. So in this example, 24 million shares is not a lot of volume, in relation to the 1. Now, if there was a day where million shares were traded, then that is almost half the number of total shares, and it would tell us that something very significant is happening with the stock.

That brings us to some other trading clues that volume can give us. When you see higher volume while price is dropping, this shows that investors are dumping the stock and it can be a signal that it is time to sell your shares too. Without a lot of volume, the price drop could simply be a momentary dip, before it moves up again.

Several big drops, on high volume, could also signal a good opportunity to buy. If you think that a company is solid, but is just the victim of bad short-term news, it could be a great time to buy at a very low price. Price was moving down throughout Then, towards the beginning of points 1 and 2 below , we saw two big spikes in volume, during two down days.

I actually bought this stock because the US government basically told everyone that they would not let Citigroup fail. However, at point 4, there was another huge spike in selling volume, but price failed to drop significantly. That was a sign that most of the sellers were out of the stock, at that point. So that is how we can use volume to show us when a stock does not have any more buyers and might be ripe for a purchase.

Next, volume can give you hints as to when a stock is being possibly accumulated. This is one example of how we can see volume increasing, while price is basing. In the basing pattern, there are more green bars than red bars in the volume indicator. So this could be a good hint that price might start to turn around soon. The general idea is that if you see volume increasing in a trend, it is likely that you will continue to see price move in the same direction.

It makes sense because as a trend gets going, more people need to pile in, to keep the trend going. Here is an example of a trend in crude oil where volume increases in an uptrend. Although this is futures and not stocks, the same principle applies.

Once volume starts to dry up, the trend reverses, soon after. Alright, now that you have an idea of how volume can be used in stock trading, let's jump over to Forex trading to see if these same principles apply. After reading the previous examples, you are probably ready to throw up a volume indicator on your FX charts. Since there isn't a primary exchange that all transactions run through, there is no way to count how much currency is being traded at any one time.

So what you are seeing on your FX charts is only the volume that your broker sees. This chart uses Oanda data and shows that the current volume is 8, currency units. But when we look at an FXCM chart, we see a much different picture. This chart shows a volume of 50, currency units. If you look at the relative volume, the graphs are pretty similar, but they are not exactly the same. For example the right side of this chart shows a big spike.

However, on the Oanda chart, there is actually a decline in volume. Well, let's take a look at a few example to see if it could useful, even if you are only getting part of the picture. As you can see, price moved down on a lot of volume, but stopped short of a previous support point. After this spike in volume, price started to move up. This is an example of a pretty long downtrend, followed by a basing pattern and an increase in volume.

The volume increase could have been a clue that accumulation was taking place. Price shot up, soon afterwards. Chip lines act as support and resistance. The longer the trend days, the greater the strength. Breakout: If the stock rises, it must be above the short-term chip line. And gradually You can see "BTC-exchange's realtime trading volume, previous closed volume" at once.

You can switch to see 'Previous close volume' on script's panel. Timeframe recommended ; 15m, 1H, 4H, D, W, whatever. Each exchange may have a different volume display unit, so I converted it into roughly BTC This indicator attempts to use Heiken Ashi calculations to smooth the Volume net histogram indicator by RafaelZioni. Long above zero line, short below zero line. Large or small volume bars are highlighted. Normal bars are using the same colors as the built-in volume indicator.

This indicator is displayed in the main picture, which saves the space of a picture indicator. Volume is highlighted to allow you to focus more on the above-average volume , and if it is greater than 4 times standard deviation it is marked as a huge volume in yellow. There will be support and resistance at this level. There is a switch to show the turnover. The NDO is a volume-based indicator that indicates how many standard deviations the volume is away from the mean volume.

In other words, this script is useful for detecting when the volume is abnormally large, spotting pumps and dumps, and movement of whales. Green indicates that the volume is more than 3 standard devs away from the mean, yellow means its more Other Pinescripters, notably TraderLion, TAPlot and JohnMuchow have all published the same style of advanced volume indicators, however they are closed source and I wanted to provide one open source that can be used for further development.

Fair Use: Please do not take my work and sell it under your own name. This was created to benefit everyone - not one person. Feel free however to use it as part of whatever work you wish to sell of course i would applaud also giving ideas away for free - your choice though ; What it is: The Basis for this Indicator was the original Volume Oscillator.

I added Credits: Thank you "EvoCrypto" for granting me permission to use "Ranged Volume" to create this version of it. What is this and What does this do? This study shows the ranged volume, and it can be used to produce buy signals for a 3Commas bot.

I added code so that negative volume has its own color settings and lower opacity Color bars based on price and volume. Volume can be set dollar denominated. Change can be set close to close. Volume can meet a threshold. This indicator, developed by Melvin E. Dickover, calculates the difference between the volume and its simple moving average, but expressed as a ratio in standard deviations.

The plotted bars become green when the volume is unusually large configurable.

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      the end of trading on forex


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